PLANNING AND PREPARATIONS, ACTIVITIES AND EVALUATION, REAL LEARNING IN EVERYDAY SITUATIONS
This is a brief summary of five-step planning.
How was this method created?
Five-step planning was created in 2001 by professors Tellevik and Elmerskog. It is based on holistic planning with a focus on activities, and on participating in situations from real life. The method is based on the use of forms.
Who is this method for?
5P can be used for children, youth, and adults with various forms of combines diagnoses and difficulties. It is intended for teachers, parents, counsellors and assistants who work with these children.
What is the method based on?
5P is used to create an ideal programs for pupils, either during learning activities or over the course of the day or week. It is used to create the pupil’s daily plan and to set the conditions necessary for realizing his or her objectives and priorities. The pupil’s activities are planned with a view to his or her abilities (unlike other models, which tend to work with stages of development or predefined themes). This is the basic difference.
How does the method work?
After engaging in a diagnosis and setting priorities, we define the pupil’s activities and define the level and form of support and other circumstances. The forms (records of activities for each pupil) describe their activities and support provided, and include a simple evaluation of their activities, all of which is used to define further activities. In this way, we can follow the progress of pupils with mild and severe handicaps and adjust our approach to developing their personalities and activities. (It helps us not to “get stuck in a rut”.)
For more on this method, see the ImPAct MDVI brochure (2006).